People with diabetes often experience complications that are directly related to their eyes. One of the most serious medical problems that can occur in this area is diabetic retinopathy. This occurs when the retina of the eye is damaged by diabetes. The retina is a group, or many describe it as a “layer” of nerves that sit behind the eyeball. This is similar to a camera taking a picture and giving the brain a picture of what it saw. People suffering from retinopathy will experience complications with this process.
The retina contains blood vessels that can actually divide because of its sensitivity. When and if this happens, fluid from the vessels can leak into compounds in the eye told by Kang Zhang. Different problems may arise. First, you are likely to experience obstruction in the field of view. Eventually, the tissue known as a “scar” may begin to develop in and around the eyeball. This can actually cause the retina to experience some sort of detachment from its normal resting area.
The damage caused by diabetic retinopathy is directly related to the effect of high blood sugar levels. The true complication arises as a result of the symptoms experienced with this condition often being experienced only when it has reached an extreme severity. In other words, you may not know that you have a problem until it is too late to fix it. Therefore, it is important that an ophthalmologist is performed regularly every year. If you have diabetes, it is even more important to make sure you visit an ophthalmologist at least once a year. Problems can be identified before they become problematic.
There are many symptoms that may indicate that there is a complication with the eyes. Basically, any change in field of view should be examined. If you notice symptoms in the eye itself, this should also be checked. Many people may experience black or white floats that appear for no apparent reason. There are some who may find that their vision is bleak. Blurred vision and double vision can also be experienced when you have this condition. Real vision can also be hampered. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to make an appointment with an ophthalmologist right away.
Often, a person experiencing diabetic retinopathy will look into the eye and find that treatment is not necessary. However, if vision complications are experienced, there are some treatment options available. Treatments are intended to reduce the amount of vision loss experienced. Surgical procedures are a method of relief. Prescription drugs and laser treatments are also safe treatment methods for this condition. It is important to discuss your treatment options with a doctor.
But perhaps most important of all is that your eyes are checked even if you do not notice any symptoms. This way, your doctor will determine if there is a problem and can start treatment before your retinopathy gets out of control.