July 24, 2021

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Hai r fall – Types and causes

What is hair fall?

Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to hair loss from the head or any part of the body. This usually involves scalp hair loss. The hair loss can vary from a small area to the entire body depending upon the severity. There is usually no swelling or wound present in it. psychological distress can be the cause of hair fall in some people. Everybody’s hair falls every day. Research has shown that a person has 100 hair loss per day. But excessive hair loss can cause bald spots on a person’s head. In the case of a woman, the hair on the top of her head is thin.

Hair loss is not a fatal situation. But it can be seriously jeopardized that the way it looks, it can endanger confidence. Men, women, and even children may experience hair loss. This condition usually occurs as a result of hormonal changes, heredity, medical conditions or side-effects of some medications. Hair loss is the most common cause of hair loss due to hereditary reasons.

Types of hairfall

Child development rate slows down as people age and it is called Alopecia. There are several types of hair loss:

Informal Alopecia – This is the natural thinning of hair with age. There is an increase in the number of hair follicles that enter the resting phase and other hairs become shorter and shorter.

Androgenic alopecia: This genetic condition can affect both men and women. Men who have this condition also have hair loss in their teens. This is known as male-pattern baldness. It is marked by gradual hair loss and hairline from the frontal scalp and scalp. The hair of the women affected by this is thinned by their foretings. This is known as female-pattern baldness and leads to maximum hair loss near the crown.

Alopecia areata: It usually starts suddenly and leads to hair loss in patches in young adults and children. It can be complete balding (alopecia). In more than 90% of people with this condition, hair grows back in a few years.

Trichotillomania: It is most commonly seen in children. Due to this psychological disorder the person spoils his own hair.

Telogen effluvium: Changes in hair growth cycle cause a temporary thinning of hair on the scalp. This is due to a lot of hair entering the resting phase which lightens the hair and becomes thinner as a result.

Scarring Alopecia: This indicates irreversible hair loss. Inflammatory conditions of the skin, such as folliculitis, acne, and cellulitis, produce results that destroy the hair’s ability to regenerate. Tightly woven hair and hot comb can result in irreversible hair loss.

What are the symptoms and signs of hair fall?
  • Hair fall
  • Thinning hair
  • Hair thinning and breakage easily

What are the causes of hair fall?

Hair loss is most prevalent in those with a family history of hair loss, genetics play a large role in it. Hormonal changes may also lead to hair loss especially the ones when someone reaches puberty. Other factors such as traumatic events, surgery and major illnesses can also trigger acute hair loss. In this case, hair starts growing on its own after some time. Menopause during pregnancy, sudden birth control pills, childbirth and hormonal changes can cause temporary hair loss.

Sometimes severe medical conditions can also cause hair loss such as scalp infection (herpes), alopecia aurita (an autoimmune disorder that damages hair follicles) and thyroid disease. Disorders like lichen planus and some types of lupus can also cause lichen, which results in hair fall. Hair fall can also begin several times with the use of medicines used to treat heart problems, depression, arthritis, high blood pressure and cancer. Emotional or physical tremors can also exacerbate hair loss such as high fever, excessive weight loss and family death.

Intentional hair-pulling disorder, known as trichotillomania, also affects the individual. It is an impulse control disorder that can be treated with therapy. The affected person can pull hair from his eyelid, eyebrow and scalp. Tying our hair too tightly puts a lot of pressure on the hair which starts to break. This traction is known as hair loss. Consuming less iron and protein in your diet can also cause thin hair.

There are some other reasons through which hair loss occurs:

Hormones: Hair can fall due to abnormal androgen levels.

Genes: Genes from either parent can increase a person’s chances of having female or male pattern baldness.

Drugs: Hair fall may also occur due to blood thinners, cancer treatment drugs, birth control medications and beta-blockers.

Medical predisposition: Diabetes, lupus, iron deficiency, thyroid disease, anaemia and eating disorder can cause hair loss. Usually, when the root cause is treated, the hair grows again.

Cosmetic: Procedures such as permissions, hair dye, bleaching and use of shampoos can all thin the hair, making it brittle and weak. Tightening the hair, using hot curlers or rollers also causes hair loss and damage. However, there is no baldness in them. People having hair loss problems should only use ayurvedic anti hairfall hair oil.

Which vitamin deficiency causes hair loss?

Vitamins play an essential role in hair growth. Lack of vitamins can cause many problems related to hair loss. Niacin or vitamin B3 and biotin is another B vitamin, which leads to hair loss. Some evidence suggests that a lack of vitamin D in the body affects hair growth. Research suggests that people with hair loss have lower vitamin D levels than others.

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